[ FREE Sorting Things Out Classification and Its Conseuences ] õ Geoffrey C. Bowker – lavitamin.us

FREE Sorting Things Out Classification and Its Conseuences õ Geoffrey C. Bowker – avitamin.us

Reviews and cultural classifications of apartheid in a way that makes it that you have to feel on a personal evel the effects of the classification that they are pointing out So what is the point Classification whether we ike it or not is something that we do And we have been doing it misguidedly By not A Fabulous Creation looking at the So I am fascinated with how brains sort and distinguishwell anything This book went a bit beyond the single brain but into ways multiple humans sort things to create a working order Aot of this book read ike stereo instructions please know that reference but some was pretty interesting Some main focuses were health tuberculosis the apartheid holy fucking shit I barely knew anything about the apartheid and what I read blew my mind and now I need to know depressing history nursing so yeah Not a wild read by any means but I regret nothing If you classify things in any capacity in your ife you MUST read this In Sorting Things Out Geoffrey Bowker and Susan Leigh Star make information infrastructure exciting They set out to answer what goes into making things seem effortless who does this work and what happens to the cases that do not fit First they introduce us to their terminology defining classification as a set of boxes into which things can be put to then do some kind of work 10 and standardization as agreed upon rules for the production of objectsspanning than one community of practice 13 But their examples will show that the real world does not fit into mutually exclusive boxes They then introduce us to the three sections they set out to explore classification and arge scale infrastructure classification and biography and classification and work pra The book was very interesting but hard to read It is very much an academic work which reads ike other social science journal publications Indeed some sections follow articles the authors have published very closely A discipline has its own anguage that s fine but be aware what you get into The content and the ideas are fascinating as classification is explored based on several cases around health race and profession The authors develop concepts to make sense of the discussions and developments of classifications It thus can be an eye opener particularly if one works in a field where classifications standards and regulations play an important role and there are many This dense volume tackles the delicate uestion posed by scientific nomenclatures as applied to diseases medical acts and causes of death Even in technical fields naming systems turn out to be surprisingly ad hoc reflecting and reinforcing an era s inherent biases. Hway permits and zoning decisions to tell a city's story the authors review archives of classification design to understand how decisions have been made Sorting Things Out has a moral agenda for each standard and category valorizes some point of view and silences another Standards and classifications produce advantage or suffering Jobs are made and ost; some regions benefit at the expense of others How these choices are made and how we think about that process are at the moral and political core of this work The book is an important empirical source for understanding the building of information infrastructure.

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Ntly changing and ever complicated medical and nursing classifications This helps explain why people who have been diagnosed as terminally ill can be re classified as fit for work by social services Tells how classification of early AIDS sufferers was tailored to suit insurers and politicians The second half explains why South Africa s evil policy of Apartheid did so much harm and was doomed to fail It confirmed for me that there is no such thing as race This book is critical reading for anyone involved in any type of standardization classification or data modeling work We are moving toward a world where systems are inter connected than ever and it is classifications and standards that form the infrastructure for these systems Classifications are ubiuitous in the world around us and tend to implicitly shape the way we view our worldKey points that this book expands on in detail include Classification systems provide the mechanism for information to be shared between disparate communities of practice across space and time Classification systems create the infrastructure in the world around us and because of the tendency for infrastructures to disappear it normally takes effort to see them unless they break down Classification systems provide the mechanism for organizational memory Through this mechanism classification systems may be used to force the erasure of certain organizational memories All memory is generally filtered through a classification system The use of boundary objects and boundary infrastructures are critical to supporting multiple viewpoints within a system Boundary objects provide a way for individual communities of practice to form strong ocalized meaning of the object while still maintaining a shared generalized meaning between disparate communities of practice ie plasticity Classifications not only shape our view of the world they shape the way we act Eually as good pragmatists we know things perceived as real are real in their conseuences So even when people take classifications to be purely mental or purely formal they also mold their behavior to fit those conceptions Bowker Star p 53 There are always political moral and ethical forces that naturally shape the creation and maintenance of classification systems This was a truly eye opening read One does not think that you are going to be finding a particularly engaging read when it comes to classification and at some points it honestly isn t But Bowker and Star do address the fact that their method at bottom is one that can be at time down right boring The book picks up though in its analyses from the ICD to tuberculosis it. Tyle they investigate a variety of classification systems including the International Classification of Diseases the Nursing Interventions Classification race classification under apartheid in South Africa and the classification of viruses and of tuberculosisThe authors emphasize the role of invisibility in the process by which classification orders human interaction They examine how categories are made and kept invisible and how people can change this invisibility when necessary They also explore systems of classification as part of the built information environment Much as an urban historian would review hig.

Assigning things people or their actions to categories is a ubiuitous part of work in the modern bureaucratic world Categories in this sense arise from work and from other kinds of organized activity including the conflicts over meaning that occur when multiple groups fight over the nature of a classification systems and its categoriesThe authors focus on classification of diseases for much of the book also touching on race work practices and boundaries within and surrounding classification schemes Underneath that is an exploration of the technology bureaucracy archives daily and historical practices that determine classification systems and are determined by classification systems You want access to the birth control pill in 20th century Spain Better hope your doctor will classify you as hypotensive because prophylactics were illegal but hypotensive medication a side use of the pill is a ok You want money to research the tropical diseases that are killing your neighbors Sorry Western researchers aren t interested so that s not Tell Me About Eternity listed as a category in the ICD which means you don t get grant funding Visiting apartheid South Africa as an African American woman Hope you don t need to use the airport restroom because there isn t one available to people in your categoryIt sike they took Kafka s The Trial and split the structure open to have a Once Upon a Time (Calluvias Royalty, look inside the spoken the unspoken the visible the forgotten everything that makes up the thousands ofittle rules we Enamoured (The Enslaved Duet live by fight against work around create anew It is no surprise aittle dense in places but totally worth the effort And now that the idea of borderlands is fresh in my memory I think it s time for me to check out Gloria Anzalduathe sciences are very good at what they do the task of the philosopher is to keep open and explore the spaces that otherwise would be eft dark and unvisited because of their very success since new forms of knowledge might arise out of these spaces Great book Read it as part of book club course called New Perspectives on Organizing at UC Berkeley School of Information Really important considerations about embedded values in infrastructure time as a constraint on organizing systems and offers many important examples of how information systems and classification causes either suffering or advantage depending on who is being classified Especially appreciated the perspective that we shouldn t practice classification without recognizing that carving nature at the joints is always going to end badly for someone A partial history of ticking boxes and pigeon holing people and phenomena Half of this book deals with the consta. A revealing and surprising ook at how classification systems can shape both worldviews and social interactionsWhat do a seventeenth century mortality table whose causes of death include fainted in a bath frighted and itch; the identification of South Africans during apartheid as European Asian colored or black; and the separation of machine from hand washables have in common All are examples of classification the scaffolding of information infrastructuresIn Sorting Things Out Geoffrey C Bowker and Susan Leigh Star explore the role of categories and standards in shaping the modern world In a clear and ively

Geof Bowker is a professor and faculty member at the University of California Irvine

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